这篇文章来自《positivity blog》,他的依据是斯蒂芬.金的《On Writing》写 的读后感,他把这些经验作为自己写博客的借鉴。之所以选择这篇文章,一是想测试抓虾需要多长时间抓取文章。二是满足抓虾用户的需求,他们非常喜欢这种标 题。三是豆瓣九点已经成为我Blog的主要流量来源,这篇文章应该更符合豆瓣网友的口味。最后,原文是英文,我翻译为中文。考虑到我的英文水准有限,所以 把原文和翻译都附上,希望能有人指正其中的谬误。

1. Get to the point.抓住重点

Don’t waste your reader’s time with too much back-story, long intros or longer anecdotes about your life. Reduce the noise. Reduce the babbling. In On Writing King gets to his points quickly. Get to your point quickly too before your reader loses patience and moves on.
不要用过多的背景故事、冗长引子和作者个人传奇浪费读者的时间。要减少不必要的旁枝末节,要减少无意义的胡说八道。在《On Writing》中斯蒂芬.金很快能抓住重点,你也得那么做,否则你的读者将会失去耐心掉头而去。

2. Write a draft. Then let it rest.写好草稿,然后冷处理。

King recommends that you crank out a first draft and then put it in your drawer to let it rest. Now, how long you let your text rest may vary. King puts his manuscripts away for several months before rereading and start the editing process.

I often let a post rest for a day or two before I start editing (as I´m sure many other bloggers do from time to time too).

This enables you to get out of the mindset you had when you wrote the draft and get a more detached and clear perspective on the text. It then becomes easier to edit, add and cut in a sometimes kinda ruthless way. The result is most often a better text.

3. Cut down your text.勇于删削

When you revisit your text it´s time to kill you darlings and remove all the superfluous words and sentences. Removing will declutter your text and often get your message through with more clarity and a bigger emotional punch.

Don´t remove too much text though or you may achieve the opposite effects instead. King got the advice to cut down his texts by 10 percent from an old rejection-letter and has abided by this advice for decades. While editing my blog I´ve found that 10 percent seems to be a pretty good figure not just for mammoth-sized books.

4. Be relatable and honest.保持可信和诚实

King has an honest voice in his fiction and in his memoir. He tells it like it is and makes us relate to him and his characters. Since King´s fiction often is of an odd kind with strange plots that seldom happen to normal people I think one of his strengths as a writer is being able to write relatable content anyway.

One of the keys to doing that is to have an honest voice and honest characters with both bad and good sides to them. People we can relate to with all of their faults, passions, fears, weaknesses and good moments. King´s characters seem human. That creates a strong connection to the reader who starts caring about the characters.

Another key to being honest and relatable is keeping a conversational style. Keeping it simple and using language that isn’t unnecessarily complicated. Using the words that first come to mind.

5. Don´t care too much what others may think.不要太过在意别人的看法。

King admits to being needy about the emotional feedback he gets when he lets his wife read a new story for the first time. He gets a kick out of hearing her laugh so she cries or just cry because something in manuscript really touched her. But he has also gotten tons of mail over the years from people who confuse his sometimes nasty characters with the writer. Or just thinks he should wind up in hell. And King hasn´t always been a favourite among literary critics either.
金承认,当他让妻子做为他新故事的第一读者时,对于情绪化的反馈他很不适。听到她大笑的时候,他也会因此而抱怨,弄得妻子哭了起来。或者是她为草稿中的内 容所打动而哭泣的时候,他同样会大发牢骚。而他每年也接到数以吨计的读者来信咒骂他,他们把作者和作者塑造的邪恶角色混为一谈,或者认为金应该下地狱。此 外,金在文学评论界也同样很不得宠。

But from what I gather he just sits down at his desk and keeps writing every morning anyway. If you listen too much to your critics you won´t get much done. Your writing will probably become worse and less fun. And criticism is often not even about you anyway.

6. Read a lot.广泛阅读

When you read you always pick up things. Sometimes it might be reminders about what you know you should be doing while you write. Sometimes it’s some cool idea or just the world and atmosphere the writer is painting. Sometimes it’s something totally new that makes your jaw drop. That one is my favourite. And sometimes you learn what you should avoid doing. There are almost always lessons you can learn.
当你阅读的时候,总能有所收获。有些时候,当你在写作,这些在阅读中的积累会告诉你应该写什么。有些时候,它们则变成了某个绝妙的主意或者你笔下需要描绘 的氛围。有的时候它们的效果是如此惊人,也许你会下巴掉到了地上。有的时候,你也能从中学到一些应该避免的事情。在阅读过程中,你总有可以学习的东西。

If you want to be a better writer you need to read a lot to get fresh input, broaden your horizons and deepen your knowledge. And to evolve you need to mix yourself up with new influences and see what happens.

How do you find time to read more? You can cut down on other evening activities like watching TV-shows you don´t care for that much anyway. Or, as King suggests, you can bring a book to waiting rooms, treadmills or toilets. I like to plug in an audiobook while I´m on the bus or walking somewhere.

7. Write a lot.勤奋写作

I’ve saved the most important tip for last. To become a better writer you probably – and not so surprisingly – need to write more.

Many of the best in different fields – Bruce Springsteen, Michael Jordan and Tiger Woods – have gone beyond normal limits of practise. And so they reap extraordinary results.

But what do you do when you don´t feel like writing? Waiting for inspiration can become a long wait.

One good way to get around this is to find an effective solution to reduce procrastination. You may have to try a few before you find one that works for you. Another way is well, just to do it. And if you just get going your emotions changes a lot of the time and any initial resistance becomes fun and enthusiasm instead.、